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Pug Health Guide


This is educational information only and is not intended
to replace advice or treatment from your veternarian.

Please discuss any health problems or concerns
you may have with your own veternarian.


Pug Eyes


Pugs have large, expressive eyes but they can also have some serious eye problems that require treatment from your veterinarian and sometimes even a veterinary ophthalmologist. Everyone knows of a one-eyed Pug, so if you suspect your Pug has an eye problem, don't hesitate to get professional care.

CORNEAL ULCERS - If you see your Pug squinting or the eye seems red or weepy, he may have a scratch or ulcer on his cornea (the clear part of the eye). Your vet may want to put special stain on the eye to observe the ulcer and will send home medication. Ulcers can deepen quickly and the eye can rupture so you should seek veterinary care right away.

DRY EYE (Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca or KCS) and PIGMENTARY KERATITIS (PK) - Commonly seen in Pugs, these 2 problems often, but not always, occur together. Some Pugs don't produce enough tears to keep their eyes moist and have KCS. You may see excessive mucous in your Pugs eyes and they may be red. Your vet can do a special test called a Schirmer Tear Test to determine if your Pug is affected. If he isn't producing enough tears, there are medications available that will stimulate the tear glands to produce more. You usually need to keep the excess mucous flushed out of the eyes as well. With PK, owners sometimes see dark black spots on the cornea or clear part of the eye, especially in the corner near the nose. Sometimes there is just a little bit near the inside corner, but some Pugs have the pigment cover their corneas and they are blind. Medications can help keep the eyes moist and disperse the pigment. Both of these problems require life-long therapy.

DYSTICHIA - these are extra eye lashes that rub against the eye and can cause irritation and sometimes ulcers. Some dogs require surgery to remove the offending lashes.

ENTROPION - this is a condition where the eyelid, often the lower lid, rolls in like a window shade. This causes the hair on the lid to rub on the eye and irritate it. There is a surgery to correct the rolling lid.

PROPTOSIS - because Pug eyes tend to protrude, it is easier to have them forced from the eye socket than with other breeds. If a Pug is bitten near the eye, the eye could be pushed forward in front of the lids. The eye is still held in place by nerves and muscles, but it is often too damaged to be sighted. This is a medical emergency since rapid response may allow surgical replacement and some sight might be saved.